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Why do you swim? – The world swimming weblog

Some individuals wish to hold match, others wish to prepare with their previous pals, and but others wish to show they’re the very best. Everyone has their very own cause.

In psychology, motivation tends to be divided into intrinsic motivation (“I swim as a result of I really like swimming”) or extrinsic motivation (“I swim to be a winner.”). In addition to being qualitatively completely different, motivation may differ quantitively from individual to individual. So, there are circumstances of individuals with completely no motivation (unmotivated athlete) and others with a really excessive degree of motivation. Loads of analysis has proven there’s a correlation between having a excessive degree of intrinsic motivation and a protracted profession in sport.

In line with one of the vital essential theories about motivation, i.e. self-determination principle (Deci and Ryan, 2000), there are three primary wants all of us give attention to and that point out the presence of intrinsic motivation.

These three wants are:

  • the necessity for autonomy;
  • the necessity for competence;
  • the necessity for relatedness.


If accompanied by sure components, sports activities can handle to fulfill all three of those wants.

Certainly, within the particular case of swimming, the necessity for autonomy comes from the opportunity of studying to swim and being autonomous in a component like water. However that’s not all: within the case, for instance, of younger individuals, the sort of organisation required to get their package prepared, go to the pool, change and are available dwelling on the finish of their swimming session, additionally helps meet the necessity for autonomy.

Swimming additionally contributes to assembly the necessity for competence within the sense that we study new expertise related to the water. And, in fact, if we’re in good firm, we additionally fulfill our want for relatedness.

All this info ought to assist us perceive which components related to a swimming pool can motive us: a pool and sporting surroundings that carry out these components will likely be a spot the place motivated swimmers go.

As we steadily acquire confidence with the swimming pool surroundings, our wants are met with even higher satisfaction that can result in behaviour guided by more and more excessive motivation. This explains why it takes loads of motivation to have the dedication to be a aggressive athlete.

What can we study from this info?

At the start, that listening to our personal motivation, no matter whether or not it’s excessive or low, intrinsic or extrinsic, is a vital psychological train for understanding why we usually go (or don’t go) to such a probably enriching place as a swimming pool and, therefore, participate in some sort of motor exercise.

Secondly, it can train us how to decide on a pool that satisfies our motivation and, therefore, encourages us to maintain up our favorite physical-sporting exercise.


Supply: Psicologia applicata allo sport – 2017 – Franco Angeli



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